Tyre Shopper's Guide to EU Tyre Labels
All new tyres we supply for cars, vans and 4x4s come with EU Tyre Labels.
The labels, mandated in 2012, provide information to help buyers make an informed tyre choice. The labelling covers fuel efficiency, braking distance in wet road conditions, and exterior noise.
Tyres that don't have the EU tyre labels include off-road, vintage, spare, studded, racing tyres and those with a speed limit of up to 80km/h.
Why do we need EU tyre labels?
EU tyre labels are designed to help drivers who regularly take motorway trips or travel long trips in different weather conditions, to know how well their tyres can handle poor road conditions.
What do EU tyre labels look like?
The tyre rating labels are shown in their respective sections below with more information each.
1 - Fuel Efficiency
Tyres have a fuel efficiency rating from A (most fuel-efficient) to G (least fuel efficient).
The better the fuel efficiency, the lower the cost of motoring and the less harmful Carbon Dioxide pumped into the atmosphere.
Choosing A-rated tyres over G-rated tyres equates to a 7.5% saving in fuel.
An A-rated tyre may use 80 litres less fuel each year (over £110) compared to when using G-rated tyres. This estimate is based on a petrol engine covering 10,000 miles at a cost of £1.40 for every litre of petrol.
Tyres indirectly use a fifth of their fuel consumption due to something called 'rolling resistance'. This is the friction created when the tyres touch the road. Each tyre has a different amount of rolling resistance depending on its shape and composition. They use less fuel and cost less to own.
2 - Wet Grip & Braking Distances
Tyres struggle to grip the road to slow down in wet road conditions, so manufacturers change tyre patterns to improve braking times and reduce the chance of aquaplaning.
Tyres are rated for their combined wet grip and braking distance rating – how long it takes for the vehicle to come to a complete stop in wet road conditions.
All-weather tyres can be used when weather is poor for many weeks and we stock a range of these to suit many types of vehicles.
The EU tyre labels helps drivers choose the tyre with the shortest stopping distance.
Braking distance variation between each wet weather tyre rating from A to G, equates to 3-6 metres. The maximum benefit is 18 metres shorter braking distance based on driving at 50mph in wet road conditions when choosing A-rated tyres over G-rated ones.
3 - External Noises
External noise emissions measure the decibels (dB) created outside the vehicle when that tyre is used in normal driving conditions.
The tyre noise rating label displays either one, two or three audio waves, with the number of decibels shown as a number.
- One wave - three decibels or more under the current noise legislation.
- Two waves - an acceptable noise level for current and future noise legislation.
- Three waves - a tyre that will meet current noise mandated levels, but will fail future limits and need changing in the future.
For more information, visit our noise efficient tyres page.
Are the labels standardised across tyre brands?
Whether you're looking at Michelin, Continental or other tyre brands, the label information can be compared side-by-side.
If you need more assistance with EU Tyre labels or you need help to select appropriate new tyres, contact our sales team on 0800 731 0134. Alternatively, you can access our live chat during office hours.